Trail 2 begins at the Tourist Information Centre, which is close to the centre of historic Cambridge. You will have the opportunity to view over thirty sculptures sited both in civic settings and university grounds, from crocodiles, bears and bronze horses to works by sculptors such as Henry Moore, Wendy Taylor and Michael Ayrton. Although it might take over four hours to complete, there are plenty of places for refreshments along the way.
Alternatively the walk can be completed on separate days or can be shortened by omitting sculptures 15-19 on the west side of the river. The collection in Jesus College (13) could be another visit.
1: Lawrence Bradshaw (possibly influenced by Gertrude Hermes)
Doors of the Guildhall 1933
Market Square. Commissioned by C A Cowles Voysey, the architect of the Guildhall.
The ten panels on the doors depict scenes from rural life. The plinths on either side of the entrance include seahorses which also feature in the Cambridge City coat of arms.
In the first edition of this trail the design for these doors was wrongly attributed to Gertrude Hermes. Further investigation has shown that they were the work of a close colleague Lawrence Bradshaw (1899-1987), who seems to have been greatly influenced by her and later wrote about her work. Bradshaw also won the commission to sculpt the famous brooding monument at Karl Marx’s graveside in Highgate Cemetery.
Further information about his poster designs can be found on the website of London Transport Museum: www.ltmcollection.org
2: Michael Ayrton
Talos is the legendary guardian of Minoan Crete. He was the giant man of bronze
who protected Europa in Crete. By depicting him without arms, Michael Ayrton (1921-1975) portrays the anger and bewilderment felt by many of the post-war generation British sculptors. This sculpture was erected on the completion of the Lion Yard and Fisher House in 1973.
3: Peter Randall-Page
Between the Lines 2007
Carved from a granite glacial boulder
Fisher Square, off Corn Exchange Street. A new piece of public art sited adjacent to the Grand Arcade.
In 2009 Peter Randall-Page (b 1964) had a major retrospective exhibition at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park whose website carries information about his work.
4: John Taylor & Mathew Lane Sanderson
The Corpus Clock 2008
Gold plated stainless steel
On the corner of Bene’t Street and King’s Parade. This mechanical clock is driven by a mechanism in the shape of a giant grasshopper. The time is shown by blue LED lights moving round the clock face. The grasshopper is a sculpture by Mathew Lane Sanderson.
Inscription: “Mundus transit et concupiscentia eius.” (The world and its desires pass away.) Another sculpture by Mathew Lane Sanderson (b 1973) “Grasshopper 2006” can be seen on Trail 1 No. 12. View by standing opposite the Round Church and looking left towards the skyline.
5: Eric Gill
Cavendish Crocodile 1933
Engraving on Brick
On the Mond Building. Visible through the Old Cavendish Arch, Free School Lane.
“The Crocodile” was the nickname of the eminent physicist Lord Rutherford OM (1871 – 1937) who was director of the original Cavendish Laboratory on this site. Lord Rutherford was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1908 for his work on radioactivity and later became known as “the Father of Nuclear Physics”. Eric Gill (1882-1940) worked as a calligrapher, letter cutter and monumental mason. Later he became a well known sculptor and letter carver.
Eric Gill did not often sign his work, but on this piece his initials are carved on the crocodile’s tongue.
More information from the Eric Gill Society: www.ericgill.org.uk
6: Antony Gormley
Earthbound: Plant 2002
Situated at ground level in the entrance to the Downing Site, Downing Street, this installation is a human figure buried up side down with only the soles of the feet showing.
Antony Gormley (b 1950) is one of Britain’s best known contemporary sculptors whose work, usually based on the human body, has been exhibited nationally and internationally.
7: Sculptor Unknown
Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences, Downing Site, Downing Street. The Museum is to the left of the entrance from Downing Street and the bears are on the external stair rails. Look out also for bisons, an iguanodon, a sloth and a mammoth on the exterior of this building and stairway.
The museum was opened in 1904, as a memorial to Professor Adam Sedgwick, to house his extensive collection of geological specimens and other collections owned by Cambridge University. The museum offers many holiday and weekend activities for children.
8: Sophie Dickens
Mother and Child 2008
Situated at first floor level on the exterior of the John Lewis Building on the corner of Downing Street. This sculpture is more visible after dark. Photograph by Ellie Atkins.
In 2007 Sophie Dickens (b 1966) won the Founders’ Award for sculpture at the Victoria and Albert Museum. Her work is based on meticulous study of anatomy both human and animal. She creates armatures of metal rods and builds onto these both concave and convex wooden layers which create a dynamic feeling of bone, muscle and sinew.
9: Wendy Taylor
Emmanuel College, St Andrew’s Street. Sited in the Paddock Area. It is essential to enquire at Porters’ Lodge: 01223 334200.
Wendy Taylor has two distinct strands to her work: large abstract pieces that appear to be in precarious balance, and drawings and sculptures of animals, anatomically correct and realised in minute detail. Her commissioned sculpture can be seen in public places throughout Britain.
Another example of her work, Three Dung Beetles 2000, can be seen in Murray Edwards College on Cambridge Sculpture Trail 3 No. 15.
10: Anthony Caro
Christ’s College, St. Andrew’s Street – sited in the ante-chapel. Inspired by Rembrandt’s picture of the “Deposition from the Cross”, this sculpture can only be seen when Christ’s College Chapel is open to the public. It is essential to enquire at the Porters’ Lodge: 01223 334900.
Anthony Caro (b 1924) is a major figure in British sculpture. His reputation for energetic activity has become global and he is widely respected in the art world where he has had many successful national and international exhibitions. He has produced a huge range of work - small "table" sculptures, large sculptural towers that are almost architecture and multi-part sculptures commenting on conflict and death in modern forms. Recently he undertook a huge commission in the Chapel of Light, in the Eglise de Saint-Jean-Baptiste, Bourbourg, Northern France.
11: Tim Harrisson
A Pattern of Life 2001
Sited in the third court of Christ’s College. Visible from the path.
Sculptures by Tim Harrisson (b 1952) in limestone and marble are in sculpture parks all over the country and in private collections. In 2008 he won a prize in the exhibition “Touching the Divine” at the Michaelhouse Centre, Trinity Street. This sculpture Root 2006 is now sited in the chapel of Westminster College, Cambridge.
12: Anthony Smith
The Young Darwin 2009
Situated in the Christ’s College’s Darwin Garden in New Court, this sculpture was commissioned for the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin.
Anthony Smith (b 1984) is a young scientist and self taught sculptor with a number of commissions including a double life-size bust of Darwin in the Sedgwick Museum in Cambridge (see No. 7 in this trail).
12a: Phillip King
Situated adjacent to the Hamied Theatre and the Darwin garden in New Court, Christ’s College, this piece has been newly commissioned and gifted to the college. Charles Darwin was a student at Christ’s College. The sculptor Phillip King (b 1934), former President of the Royal Academy, was also a student at Christ’s. An example of his early work can be seen on the Sidgwick Avenue Site, No 17 on this Sculpture Trail.
The sculptor writes:
"The oval is the concept of evolution, the triangle the young Darwin and the open square the world at large. These forms find a balance between openness and enclosure. All forms are closed shapes that have been cut and pulled sideways to form the beginnings of a coil. The square may also be described as an open window and the rocks behind are the landscape or nature."
13: Barry Flanagan
Bronze Horse 1983
Jesus College, Jesus Lane, First Court.
Jesus College holds an impressive collection of other sculpture in the grounds including:
• Claire Barclay (Glowing Promise 2007)
• Antonio Bellotti (Time’s Arrow 1996)
• Richard Bray (Maple Three Piece 1991)
• Geoffrey Clarke (Call it Hadrian’s Wall 1970)
• Barry Flanagan (The Cricketer 1989)
• Evelyn Herring (Mortal Man 1960)
• Roger Hiorns (Untitled 2007)
• Phillip King (Brake 1966)
• Bryan Kneale (Lucifer 2006)
• Danny Lane (Empress 2001)
• Diane Maclean (Spine 1996)
• Eduardo Paolozzi (Daedalus on Wheels 1994)
• Keir Smith (Coastal Path 1986)
• William Turnbull (Head 1987)
• Alison Wilding (Melancholia 2003)
These outdoor sculptures can only be seen when Jesus College is open to the public. A plan showing the location of each sculpture is available. Enquire at the Porters’ Lodge: 01223 339339.
Barry Flanagan (1941-2009) had no personal website but following his recent death there are many informative obituary notices accessible on the web.
13a: Christophe Gordon-Brown
French gold leaf and polished concrete
Situated on the wall of the Varsity Hotel in Thompson’s Lane.
The sculptor was commissioned to create an image appropriate to the area. He uses a spiral as a universal symbol signifying both the finite and the infinite – things coming into being and things decaying.
Christophe Gordon-Brown (b 1952) is a Cambridge sculptor working mainly in stone.
Another example of his work is in Robinson College Garden, see No 21 on this trail.
14: Barbara Hepworth
Divided Circle 1969
Clare College, Trinity Lane. This sculpture is sited in the Fellows’ Garden and is not visible from elsewhere. Access to the garden is only possible when the college is open to the public. It is essential to enquire at the Porters’ Lodge: 01223 333200.
This is one of three bronze sculptures by Barbara Hepworth (1903-1975) to be seen in the grounds of Cambridge Colleges. Four Square Walk Through 1966 is in Churchill College and Ascending Form 1958 is in Murray Edwards College. Both are included in Cambridge Sculpture Trail 3. Barbara Hepworth is remembered as an internationally renowned artist and a major influence in the development of modern sculpture.
14a: Wu Wei-Shan
Clare College Avenue
This sculpture first appeared in Cambridge in the Fitzwilliam Sculpture Promenade in 2009. It was subsequently gifted to Clare College. It is essential to enquire at the Porter’s Lodge: 01223 333200.
Wu Wei-Shan is president of the Chinese Academy of Sculpture and Director of Fine Arts of Nanjing University. Over his 20 year career he has created more than 500 statues of historical and cultural figures. He is a pioneer of a new style of ‘freehand sculpture’. Some elements of western sculpture, such as a vivid portrayal of the facial features, are combined with often indistinct aspects – a symbolism inspired by grotto sculptures of ancient China.
15: Charles Jencks
DNA Double Helix 2005
Clare College, Memorial Court.
Visible from Queen’s Road.
This sculpture was donated
by Nobel Laureate Jim Watson to commemorate his discovery, together with Francis Crick, of the structure of DNA. It is essential to enquire at the Porters’ Lodge: 01223 333261.
Charles Jencks (b 1939) trained in architecture and has made several versions of this Double Helix sculpture. These are sited in different locations in UK and US including Kew Gardens. He is also well known as a writer and broadcaster and also as the designer of unusual innovative gardens including The Garden of Cosmic Speculation near Dumfries.
16: Henry Moore
Falling Warrior 1956
Clare College, Memorial Court. It is essential to enquire at the Porters’ Lodge: 01223 333261
Henry Moore (1898-1986) was inspired by natural forms particularly the human body. He was deeply affected by his experiences of the two World Wars. The Falling Warrior depicts the moment of agony just before death. Not a traditional hero the sculpture seems to suggest the failure of brute strength and the horror of war.
An extensive sculpture collection of work by this world renowned artist can be seen at his former home at Perry Green, Hertfordshire.
16a: Harry Gray
Ex Libris 2009
Outside Cambridge University Library, West Road.
The sculpture consists of 14 bookstacks of 3 different designs arranged in a straight line. In the four central ones all the books can rotate independently. The title of the piece, EX LI BR IS, is spelled out with four pairs of letters on the second highest books in the moving stacks.
The publicity at the time of the launch declared that the intention was to create a ‘welcoming space’ in front of this rather forbidding library building (designed by Gilbert Scott) and to project an understanding of its purpose to those outside.
Harry Gray is a local sculptor with a carving workshop in Cambridge. He has a national reputation for innovative memorials. His work includes the Battle of Britain Monument on the Dover Cliffs and the Reformers’ Tree in Hyde Park.
17: Phillip King
Sidgwick Site Faculty Buildings,
Sidgwick Avenue. An early work
by the former President of the
Royal Academy, it is now on loan to the University.
In his early career, Phillip King (b 1934) was a leading figure among a group of young British sculptures known as the New Generation who came to critical prominence in the mid 1960s. Since then he has established a major reputation nationally and internationally as a most innovative sculptor using a variety of materials from fibreglass and metal through to wood and slate.
18: Helaine Blumenfeld
Clare Hall (Entrance) Herschel Road.
Helaine Blumenfeld (b 1940) is an American sculptor, who works in a wide variety of materials, including marble, terracotta and bronze. There is an abstract and organic quality about her sculpture. She now lives near Cambridge. There are other pieces of her sculpture around the city, including Chauvinist 1990, which can be seen on Trail 1, No. 4.
Within the College is an extensive collection of art which may only be seen by appointment. Contact Porters’ Lodge: 01223 332360.
19: Ben Barrell
Bronze Resin on a steel base
Robinson College, Grange Road. This sculpture is visible from the entrance to the college.
In the early 1990s Ben Barrell (b 1971) started to experiment with large-scale concrete casting of free forms based on the movements of craft and creatures on the sea. More recently he has begun to explore the relationship between sculpture and furniture which can be observed in this piece.
Porters’ Lodge: 01223 339100.
20: Philip de Koning
Sailing into the Future 2008
Stainless steel and stone
This sculpture is situated in the college garden. The entrance to the garden is through staircase G. It is essential to enquire at the Porters’ Lodge, 01223 339100.
Philip de Koning is a Dutch sculptor who worked first as a painter. As a sculptor he began to carve in stone and later he was drawn to “the beauty and magic” of stainless steel.
Conversing Figures 2008
This sculpture is in the college garden. Entrance to the garden is through staircase G.
It is essential to enquire at the Porters’ Lodge 01223 339110.
Christophe Gordon-Brown (b 1952) is a Cambridge sculptor usually working in stone. He seeks to achieve an intuitive balance between dynamic aspects of curves and the static quality of straight lines.
The concept here was to portray a constructive conversation between two very different people as they develop some understanding of each other’s point of view.
Another example of his work is at No 13a on this trail.